1180 Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline.
1789 US Federal Judiciary Act passes, creating a six-person Supreme Court
1869 Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner the gold
1877 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
1950 Operation Magic Carpet concludes after having transported 45,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel
Today In Film & TV
1948 Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally), an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to proliferate propaganda during World War II, pleads not guilty to eight chargs of treason in Washington, D.C.
1962 KWSU TV channel 10 in Pullman, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
Today In Music
1957 “jailhouse rock” single released by Elvis Presley (Billboard Song of the Year 1957)
Today In Sport
1934 2,500 fans see Babe Ruth’s farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium