What is a Black Hole?

A black hole is not an opening as one in your socks. It is a hole in the Universe where gravity has become so strong that nothing around it can escape, not even light. The mass of a black hole is so compact, or dense, that the force of gravity is too strong for even light to escape.

Black holes are formed when giant stars explode at the end of their lifecycle. This explosion is called a supernova. If the star has enough mass, it will collapse on itself down to a very small size. Due to its small size and enormous mass, the gravity will be so strong it will absorb light and become a black hole. Black holes can grow incredibly huge as they continue to absorb light and mass around them. They can even absorb other stars. Many scientists think that there are super-massive black holes at the center of galaxies.

Fun Facts about black holes

  • Black holes can have the mass of several million suns.
  • They don’t live forever, but slowly evaporate returning their energy to the universe.
  • The center of a black hole, where all its mass resides, is a point called a singularity.
  • Black holes differ from each other in mass and their spin. Other than that, they are all very similar.
  • The black holes we know about tend to fit into two size categories: “stellar” size are around the mass of one star while “supermassive” are the mass of several millions of stars. The big ones are located at the centers of large galaxies.

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