November 26- This Day in Indian History

Find out what happened in India on 26 November.

Dr. Hari Singh Gour, famous law expert, social reformer, writer, jurist, leader and educationist, was born near Saugar.
Prof. Suniti Kumar Chatterjee was born. He was a renowned literary expert.
Satyabodh Balkrishna Hudlikar, author and educationist, was born at Dharwar (Mysore).
Jasubhai Motibhai Patel, cricketer (Indian off-spinner, 9-69 v Aust 1959), was born in Ahmedabad.
Gandhi announces a new civil disobedience campaign in the nationalist newspaper 'Young India'.
India has a parliamentary system of government with certain similarities to the US system. There are two houses - a lower house known as Lok Sabha (House of People) and an upper house known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Lok Sabha has 544 members (excluding the speaker) and the Rajya Sabha has 245 members. Election for the Lok Sabha is held every five years, unless the government calls an election earlier. All Indians over the age of 18 have the right to vote. The Lok Sabha can be dissolved but the Rajya Sabha cannot. There are also state governments with legislative assemblies known as Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad. The two national houses and the various state houses elect the Indian President, who is a figure head, but the Prime minister wields the real power.
New Constitution of India adopted and signed. The constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946. The Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946 and elected Dr.Rajendra Prasad as its Chairman.
Newspaper Day.
The Constitution is preceded by a preamble which outlines its aim and objectives. It reads as "We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular. Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens JUSTICE: social, economical and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all; FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.
The constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946. The Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946 and elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its Chairman. The Constitution was prepared by the Drafting commission under the chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and was finally adopted on November 26, 1949. Framers of the constitution borrowed ideas from the Constitution of UK, USA, Ireland, Canada, South Africa, Germany and other countries.
The Atomic Energy Commission starts functioning.
First S.T.D. system of telephone (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) services started between Lucknow and Kanpur in India.
Shaukat Ali, great freedom fighter and nationalist Muslim politician, passed away.
Anti-Congress wave in North; South India favours Congress.
General Election ( 9th) of India ends: Congress loses; V.P. Singh becomes Prime Minister.
India to have a coalition govt. after the governing Congress party has its majority wiped out in general elections.
Romanian diplomat Liviu Radu released by Sikh militants after 48 days in captivity.
A government bill to curb new medical colleges introduced in Parliament.
Kotyya Pragda, freedom fighter and Rajya Sabha member, passed away.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, scientific advisor to Defence Minister, chosen for Bharat Ratna.
Savjibhai Korat (45), senior BJP leader and Gujarat Minister, dies in hospital due of brain haemorrhage.
Krishan Kant, Vice-President, presents the "Honest Man of the Year'' award to Atal Behari Vajpayee in New Delhi. The award was instituted by the International Social Service Organisation.
A city court acquits former Union Minister H.K.L. Bhagat in the 1984 anti-Sikh riot case.
SPG cover for the Congress(I) president Sonia Gandhi and her two children to continue.
The Government plans to set up a judicial commission, says Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee.
Benefits of globalisation must filter down to the common people, says Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee and reiterates "resistance to reforms will be overcome".
Police nab Chandradas alias Manichan, one of the prime accused in the Kollam liquor tragedy case, at Nagercoil.


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